Judaism in Kazakhstan

Judaism is the national religion of the Jewish people. The name of this religion was named Judah (Yehuda) - one of the founders of the Jews. At the core beliefs of Judaism is a strict monotheism, which is based on ethical, ritual and household rules.

The main tenets of Judaism include the recognition of one God, God's chosen people of the Jewish people, the belief in a Messiah who should judge all the living and the dead, as well as a belief in the sacred texts.

Judaism in Kazakhstan. History tells us that in the steppe regions of Eurasia originally spread Judaism in the Khazar Khaganate. This religion has adopted a limited group of Khazar aristocracy headed by the governor. There is historical information about resettlement in the XIV century. Jews from Persia to Turkestan. In addition, in the late XIX - early XX centuries. in Kazakhstan there were craftsmen Jews resettled from the European part of tsarist Russia.

The massive influx of Jewish population in the Republic of Kazakhstan was registered in the 30-40-ies of XX century. At the request of the Jewish community of Kazakhstan since 1994 Yeshayah Rabbi Cohen came to the republic to head the Jewish community and to establish a full religious life, to this day is the Chief Rabbi of Kazakhstan.

Currently, 6 local Jewish religious communities are functioning in Kazakhstan. All communities have special religious buildings, which are located in cities such as Astana, Almaty, Pavlodar, Shymkent and Ust-Kamenogorsk. Also in June 2015 in Karaganda passed the consecration of a new synagogue, at the opening of which was attended by Chief Sephardic Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef, a member and the head of the Jewish delegation at the V Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions.

The number of parishioners in Kazakhstan is about 250-300 people. The main ethnic composition - Jews.

Since 2002 in Kazakhstan published the newspaper "Shalom", founded by the Jewish Congress of Kazakhstan.

In accordance with Jewish religious calendar each year is traditionally celebrated Purim, Pesach, Lag Baomer and Hanukkah.

For Kazakhstani Jewish community created all the conditions for religious activities. Communities maintain ties with the Jewish organizations and communities in other countries, built a synagogue, kosher established production of some foods (Almaty), organized a special group, carrying out Jewish funeral (Shiva), with synagogues Sunday schools (yeshiva, studying Torah school).

In turn, Kazakhstan's Jewish community demonstrates tolerance, constructive policy aimed at strengthening the state and interfaith harmony.